Why is succession certificate required to claim shares? Process and time involved in India

Why is succession certificate required to claim shares? Process and time involved in India

This guide aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of why a succession certificate is necessary to claim shares in India. In this article, we will investigate into the process involved in obtaining a succession certificate, the documents required, and the time it could take to complete the entire procedure. Understanding the importance and intricacies of a succession certificate is crucial for individuals looking to claim shares or assets left behind by a deceased family member or loved one.

Types of Succession Certificates

While claiming shares after the demise of a loved one, it is necessary to understand the different types of succession certificates available. The legal system in India categorizes succession certificates based on the nature of assets being claimed – movable or immovable. Having clarity on these categories can expedite the process of transferring the deceased’s assets to the rightful heirs.

Certificate for Movable Assets Certificate for Immovable Assets
To be used for assets like bank deposits, stocks, bonds, etc. To be used for assets like land, property, real estate, etc.
Issued by the court in the jurisdiction where the deceased resided Issued by the court having jurisdiction over the location of the immovable asset
Usually quicker to obtain compared to certificates for immovable assets May involve a more detailed verification process due to the nature of assets
Can be utilized for simpler asset transfers Required for the transfer of property titles and deeds

Certificate for Movable Assets

Certificates for movable assets are crucial for claiming resources such as bank accounts, investments, or securities left behind by the deceased. These certificates provide the necessary authorization for the rightful heirs to access and distribute the movable assets as per the inheritance laws.


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    Certificate for Immovable Assets

    Assuming ownership of real estate or properties owned by a deceased family member requires a certificate for immovable assets. These certificates are necessary for transferring property titles, land deeds, or any other immovable asset to the legal heirs. Obtaining this certificate involves a stringent verification process to ensure the rightful distribution of the property.

    Immovable assets like landholdings and real estate properties hold significant value and require thorough scrutiny to prevent any disputes among the heirs. This process ensures the rightful claimants receive their inheritance without any ambiguity or legal complications.

    The Process of Obtaining a Succession Certificate in India

    Step-by-Step Procedure

    Some of the key steps involved in obtaining a succession certificate in India are outlined below:

    Step Description
    1 Filing a petition in the court
    2 Submission of necessary documents
    3 Verification of the documents
    4 Court hearing and issuance of succession certificate

    Factors Affecting the Timeline

    An important factor affecting the timeline for obtaining a succession certificate is the complexity of the case and the number of legal heirs involved. Other factors include the workload of the court, the diligence of the parties in submitting required documents, and any potential disputes that may arise during the process.

    • Timely submission of documents and information can expedite the process
    • Disputes among legal heirs can prolong the timeline

    Some additional factors that can impact the timeline include the jurisdiction in which the petition is filed, the efficiency of the court in handling such matters, and any potential legal issues that may need to be addressed. Knowing the specific requirements and processes in your jurisdiction can help in expediting the issuance of the succession certificate.

    This detailed insight into the process of obtaining a succession certificate in India highlights the importance of understanding the various steps involved and the factors that can affect the timeline. By following the prescribed procedures diligently and being aware of potential challenges, individuals can navigate the legal process more effectively and secure their rightful shares in the estate.

    Read More:- Effective Guide for Successful Recovery of Shares

    Tips for Smooth Succession Certificate Acquisition

    Documentation Preparedness

    Acquisition of a succession certificate requires a diligent approach towards gathering and organizing the necessary documents. To facilitate a smoother process, it is imperative to compile all relevant paperwork such as the deceased person’s death certificate, legal heirship certificate, identification proofs, details of assets and liabilities, and any existing will or nomination documents.

    The completeness and accuracy of the documentation play a crucial role in expediting the succession certificate application process. Hence, it is advisable to ensure that all required documents are in order before proceeding further. The absence of even a single vital document can lead to delays and additional complexities in obtaining the succession certificate.

    Seeking Legal Assistance

    There’s no denying that navigating the legal procedures involved in acquiring a succession certificate can be challenging and daunting for individuals without a legal background. Seeking professional legal assistance can significantly simplify the process and ensure that all legal formalities are duly met.

    Understanding the intricacies of succession laws and the specific requirements for obtaining a succession certificate is crucial in avoiding potential roadblocks and delays. Legal experts can provide valuable guidance on the documentation needed, the correct procedure to follow, and represent you effectively in court, if required.

    Read More:- The Demat Account : What is it and Why Do You Need One

    Pros and Cons of Acquiring a Succession Certificate


    Pros – With a succession certificate, you gain legal recognition as the rightful heir of the deceased individual’s assets. It provides a clear and undisputed document that allows you to claim the shares without any further complications or disputes.


    Cons – Acquiring a succession certificate can be a time-consuming and costly process. You will need to go through the legal procedures, which can be complex and require the assistance of a lawyer. Additionally, the certificate is only required in cases where the deceased individual did not leave a will.

    For instance, if the deceased had a will that clearly states the distribution of assets, obtaining a succession certificate may not be necessary. It is important to weigh the benefits of having a succession certificate against the potential drawbacks before deciding to pursue one.


    With this in mind, it is clear that a succession certificate is required to claim shares in India to ensure the legal transfer of assets to the rightful heirs. The process involves applying to the court, providing necessary documents, and waiting for the certificate to be issued, which can take several months to years due to legal procedures and verification. It is important to follow the legal process diligently to avoid any disputes or complications in the future regarding the ownership of the shares.

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